Scenic cantata "Carmina Burana" (1936) - the most well-known work by Carl Orff, which brought worldwide fame to its author and one of the few musical masterpieces of the twentieth century, was immediately in the gold reserves of the popular classical repertoire. In the early 1930s the composer met with a collection of XII-XIII centuries, "Carmina Burana" ("Boyrenskie songs"), found in one of the Bavarian monasteries. There were works of vagrants wandering medieval poets - students, scholars, runaway monks.
These poems, compose on colloquial dialects - Vulgar Latin, old German and French - show that far back in the interests of the people a little different from today: wine, women, gambling, luck and wealth... But the main idea of the whole literary diversity was that nothing is eternal, and man, with all their little joys and sorrows, - a toy in the hands of a capricious fate, which is a symbol of impermanence rotating Wheel of Fortune. It is this image has become a leitmotif of Orff's cantata.
In an effort to resurrect the "praosnovy" music, the composer used only the most basic means of expression - clear, concise, melodic formulas and harmony, the information to its basic elements. The main secret of success was an appeal Orff works to primitive magic powerful, haunting rhythms embodied not only with the help of a huge percussion instruments, but also by a clear shouted supply poetic text.